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Thread: Grain Fort

  1. #1
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    October 2011
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    Default Grain Fort


    History

    The fort was constructed in response to a naval arms race between Britain and France. Britain's coastal defences had not been substantially upgraded since the Napoleonic Wars, but a new generation of accurate and powerful guns, mounted on fast-moving, manoueuvrable iron-clad warships, had obsoleted the existing 18th and early 19th century forts along the British coastline. The Thames was seen as particularly vulnerable; as well as being one of the country's most important trade routes, it possessed several naval installations of great importance, including the victualling yards at Deptford, the armaments works of Woolwich Arsenal, the shipbuilding yards at North Woolwich, and the magazines at Purfleet.

    The government's response to the increased threat was to appoint a Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom, which published a far-reaching report in 1860. It recommended that many existing forts should be upgraded or rebuilt entirely, and that new forts should be constructed to guard particularly strategic or vulnerable points along the coast. In all, around 70 forts and batteries were constructed around the English coast as a result of the Royal Commission's report.

    An existing gun battery, Grain Tower, already existed just off the shoreline at Grain, about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) away from the site of the later Grain Fort. It had been built in the style of a Martello tower between 184855 but the introduction of powerful and accurate rifled muzzle loader (RML) guns during the 1850s made it obsolete as soon as it was completed. The 1860 Commission report recommended that Grain Tower should be turned into a fully casemated fort, which would be built around the existing structure. However, the cost of doing this was seen as excessive and the proposal was dropped as part of a cost-cutting exercise to reduce the overall cost of the fort-building programme. Instead, a new land fort was built at Grain, while the existing battery at Garrison Point on the Isle of Sheppey was upgraded and fortified to create Garrison Point Fort.






























    Thanks for looking!!

  2. Thanks given by: BoneDust, Hugh Jorgan, Mearing, prettyvacant71, psykie, RedX_unleashed, Rubex, smiler
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  4. #2
    Join Date
    August 2006
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    Default


    You posted the same report but with two different names, grain tower is different from grain fort.
    Cracking pictures btw.

    Cheers newage
    The Newage Traveller gaining entry so you don`t have to.....

  5. Thanks given by: Rolfey
  6. #3
    Join Date
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    Default


    yes mate was meant to edit it, didnt realise posted twice! and thank you.

  7. #4
    Join Date
    May 2015
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    Default


    A few of us do a yearly camp out on here - it's great fun! Very nicely captured!

  8. #5
    Join Date
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    yea it’s some thing differen to do a night on there! Sounds fun! And thanks rubex

  9. Thanks given by: Rubex
  10. #6
    Join Date
    April 2017
    Location
    Midlands
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    Default


    I do like seeing this place when its posted. You got some good shots! I still need to take a trip here myself.

  11. Thanks given by: Rolfey
  12. #7
    Join Date
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    It’s deffentaintly worth a visit BD! And thank you!

  13. #8
    Join Date
    April 2012
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    Love it
    ...

  14. Thanks given by: Rolfey

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