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Cwmorthin Slate Mine, Blaenau Ffestiniog, May 2012

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cunningcorgi

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Good question !
Visited with walsh and rod

HISTORY

Cwmorthin was run by several different companies as a venture in its own right during the 1800's. The earlier underground workings started at "Lake Level", so called due to the entrance being just above the surface of the nearby Llyn Cwmorthin, and ascended upwards in the mountain ultimately for 8 floors in both the Old and Back Vein. Poor working practices and reckless engineering decisions ultimately led to a substantial collapse and the end of that company.

A new company took the mine on afterwards and reused Lake Level but sealed off the shattered and dangerous upper floors. Instead, they developed new workings below, going down into the mountain. Ultimately this company sunk five floors on both veins, before itself being being forcibly closed in 1901 due to a legal dispute.

The now abandoned lower floors flooded up to Lake Level, containing an immense amount of water hundreds of feet deep, which remained until the early 1930's. The neighbouring mine (Oakeley Quarries) were at this time driving underneath the old Cwmorthin workings and were uneasy about having such a huge volume of water above them, so decided to drain it out. Special diamond-drilled bore holes were driven through into the deepest parts of Cwmorthin from Oakeley and the water drained out under controlled conditions.

When the water level reached the bottom, the mines were connected in several places by full-size tunnels and Oakeley (who'd taken over the ownership of Cwmorthin) actually re-opened some of Cwmorthin and put men to work in it. The Back Vein Incline was re-equipped and even a new incline was driven down another 90 vertical feet to open some more chambers.

Cwmorthin then operated essentially as just another part of Oakeley right up until 1970 when Oakeley itself closed. This marked the end of the mine's working life as a major concern, however, throughout the 1980's and early 1990's the mine was working on a limited scale by a small team of local men. Extraction occurred in a few chambers on Lake Level and Level 1, with the underground transport being provided by a Series 2 Land Rover 88".

Not our first visit but my first report on it as my pics were like mince on the other occasions (still are some would argue !). Long day as we went in around 10.15am and eventually emerged around 7.30pm

THE VISIT

1. The famous Cwmorthin stairs just after entering Lake Level adit, 10.15am
Cwm10.jpg


2. Abandoned carts on Back vein incline
Cwm12.jpg


3. Looking into Back vein West 1 chamber from above - crane, abandoned carts and flooded incline to Floor G visible
Cwm15.jpg


4. Bridge (or lack of), from Back vein incline leading to Floor C
Cwm17.jpg


5. Same position on Back Vein incline, a floor down, bridge to Floor D
Cwm18.jpg


6. Abandoned carts in flooded Floor E, Back Vein
Cwm22.jpg


7. walsh lamp testing on Floor E
Cwm24.jpg


8. Continuing along Floor E towards Oakeley workings
Cwm25.jpg


9. Ghost train turn in Oakeley workings
Cwm27.jpg


10. Chamber 32, Oakeley
Cwm29.jpg


11. Famous Air Compressor Chamber, Oakeley Floor DE
Cwm31.jpg


12. Winding drums, top of the Chamber 34 incline, Oakeley
Cwm32.jpg


13. Looking down the Chamber 34 incline
Cwm43.jpg


14. Bottom of the Chamber 34 incline
Cwm39.jpg


15. Queen Mary Cafe, Floor G, Oakeley
Cwm38.jpg


16. Serving tea and shovels
Cwm36.jpg


17. Catwalk, Floor G chamber, Oakeley
Cwm34.jpg


18. Trapeze artist bridge, somewhere of the Old Vein incline
Cwm46.jpg


19. Abandoned cart, same section
Cwm48.jpg


20. Heading out the Old Vein Chimney adit
Cwm49.jpg


21. Over 9 hours later and there was light
Cwm50.jpg


22. Lynn Cwmorthin, 7.30pm
Cwm52.jpg


Thanks for looking
 
Last edited:

leftorium

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a bit north of Derby, Derbyshire
I'm going to use these pics as a warning to my niece and nephew who will insist despite uncle lefty's cautionary tales on wandering into some of the adits in the peak district when they come and visit :)
 

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